The Beclean town is located on the Somesul Mare corridor, downstream of the Somes-Sieu confluence, in the area separating two large Transylvanian Plateau and Somesan Plateau, Beclean is the second largest city after Bistrita.
Settlement at the meeting of water and roads, ancient cnezial residence, then ecclesiastical and feudal fortress with fortress in the Middle Ages, fair and city in the contemporary era, is documentary certified since 1235, Beclean this year, 779 years since its first attestation in an official document.
The history of Beclean does not begin here. Specialists attest to the occupation of these lands in the Paleolithic age (approximately 50,000 years before Christ), the continuation and development in the Neolithic (about 50000-1900 years before Christ) in the Bronze Age (1700-1150 BC).
The archaeological discoveries prove the existence on the territory of Beclean of some fortified points, eg. on Varba to the East of Coldau, discovered in the 19th century and the recent discovery at the end of the 20th century on Bileag where a Dacian fortress was discovered by researchers from the University of Cluj-Napoca and the Bistrita-Nasaud County Museum, researches that are underway evaluation.
The most important events and facts relating to the town of Beclean and the villages belonging to Coldau, Figa, Rusu de Jos during the feudal age from the tenth to the middle of the nineteenth century are characterized by the emergence of social differentiation within the village communities and the gradual formation of the feudal domains while the Romanian local institutions continue to live in the form of the local communities and the gradual formation of the feudal domains, in the form of local cnezates and voivodeships, for a long time, both in the time of the Pecenes, and under the rule of the Hungarian kingdom.
At present, the town of Beclean is an important locality in northern Transylvania, Romania's well-known historical province. Developing economic and tourism center, the second largest city in Bistrita-Nasaud County, presents a number of attractions and objectives of great interest, both economically and especially from a tourist point of view (Băile Figa Spa, Beclean Stud Farm, The Hunting Castle Bethlen, The museum „Casa de Vanatoare”, The Calvinis Reformed Church, The Catholic Church, „Sfantul Stefan”).